Cara McCutchen lead singer of Edmonton, Canada’s Mortillery was kind enough to sit and answer some questions about her band Mortillery, their future plans and herself. Read below for the interview!
My recent interview with Burns from The Unclean talking about the Ohio Music scene, Playing for music as opposed for a paycheck and other interesting topics. Read more below! Continue reading Interview with The Unclean’s Bass Player Burns
Skullbanger: First off Csaba I want to say hello from Kuopio, Finland and thank you for taking the time to answer some questions for Skullbanger.net. I guess the first order of business is can you introduce the band and tell us a little about Raven Lord?
Thank you for the interest in RAVEN LORD. It is amazing and I’m overwhelmed with all the positive feedback from the press, critics and fans. Never expected this much momentum for RAVEN LORD.
When I left KILLING MACHINE in March 2011 I was hungry for some more heavy metal.
There was no real interest from the record labels for KILLING MACHINE so Peter and me decided to part ways and try different line-ups.
This is when I met Axel Wiesenauer from ROCK’N GROWL promotion. We shortly ended up working together and decided on making the band called RAVEN LORD. The band name came up through brainstorming and to differentiate things a bit the word was split up purposely to make it kind of unique.
I meet a couple of Swedish guys from Stockholm Tobias and Peter who wanted to make band. Tobias introduced me then to Stefan a very talented guitar player and we started working with him. JAMIE MALLENDER was working with EX- Black Sabbath singer Tony Martin before and when my manager proposed him to me. I was like “Hell yeah”. JAMIE is a multi instrumentalist and has his own music school in Sheffield, UK . He has been with RAVEN LORD from the very beginning and contributes a lot to our common work. LARRY PATERSON our drummer was found through an online audition and recently got replaced by our new drummer RICH SMITH. All though RICH is not on the record this time he sure will be our recording drummer for the second album and our permanent drummer for all our live engagements. GEORGE KARAFOTIS is a shredder and talented guitarist from Greece. George handles rhythm guitars and brings cool riffs to the RAVEN LORD table. ALESSANDRO DUO now comes from Italy and fills the slot for the Keyboardist. Also he will be our future recording and live player. And last but not least the mighty “shredlord” JOE STUMP who recently joined up with RAVEN LORD after the record was already done. We all are looking forward for his shredding techniques in the live situation. His interpretation of the songs and most of it the future RAVEN LORD songs are going to be “off the Richter”.
Skullbanger: So it seems like all you guys have had previous experience playing in other bands. What were the major factors that brought you all together? Did you know each other before Raven Lord? What did it take to convince Mausoleum Records to sign you?
Management would throw a bunch of names at me where he thinks it might fit to RAVEN LORD. When I contact the players it’s all about gut feeling and impressions. It’s sometimes not easy as all of them can play their instrument very well. So it goes a little further in detail of the person. Does he fit optically? Is he nice guy? Many factors were taken into consideration and every detail counts. I wanted it to be a fresh start with all new members that I didn’t work with before.
RAVEN LORD seems to be the right thing at the right time. So we signed a two-album deal with MAUSOLEUM RECORDS that right there is your second RAVEN LORD album coming. The second album I estimate to be released around early 2014. It didn’t take very long for MAUSOLEUM RECORDS or for us to decide that we would work together.
Skullbanger: Ok I have a confession to make. I had never heard of Joe Stump before ‘Descent To The Underworld’ but when I heard him play I was totally blown away by his playing and thought it was one of the highlights of the album. What an amazing talent he has. Can you tell me about his influences, his musical background and what input he had in the song writing?
JOE STUMP came to the band when the record was already done. He will do his magic on the next RAVEN LORD. And as for as the solos in a live situation goes, he’ll be doing his version of it. You can expect some serious “shredding damage”! The guitar player on the record was becoming a liability to the band and we had to let him go so we don’t support him any longer.
JOE STUMP is a professional guitar player and teaches at Boston MIT. He comes with tons of studio and live experience.
Skullbanger: Another highlight of the album I thought that helps keep everything grounded is the vocals. I am really impressed by your range Csaba. You can hit high notes but also have the low growls and edge to your voice that gives the album a nice raw and rough feel in contrast to Joe’s slick and precise guitar playing sound which I think plays well off each other. Can you tell us a bit about your singing style in terms of who you model yourself after and have you had any sort of training? And how do you approach song writing in terms of how you want to use your vocals in a song?
As the singer, founder and producer for RAVEN LORD I have many responsibilities. I come up with the sound, overall concept idea and of course the music arranges that has to fit my melodies. The lyrics are sometimes a tricky part as I want to describe things and we are sometimes very limited. Especially if you want it to rhyme. Sometimes it’s just words that give you an idea where the song is heading and the overall mood to the song. The rest is up the audience and their individual fantasy.
It seems like a few songs have very common grounds so I chose “Descent to Underworld” to be the title. How ever there are also current themes like fighting back against tyranny and oppression. The greed for money in the past with the knight templar and the very same is happening today. Also there is definitely a “Descent to the Underworld” in things.
I’m to the point where I can’t turn the Ronnie James Dio influence off anymore. It has become part of my style but also many other singers. Dio and his sound was with me from the very first time I’ve heard him on “Heaven and Hell” with Black Sabbath. I quickly realized how difficult his technique really was and it made me challenge to learn it. So I have been singing like this pretty much all my live. As far as the lyrics go it’s the same way. You are quiet limited on your writing skills when you trying to sing powerful songs. Not every word sounds strong in a song. You have to choose the right ones. Then occasionally you want to rhyme things as well making things even more difficult. At the very end of the day you end up with great stuff like “ As he is the Black Friar” where book authors and novelists scratch their heads. Do we metalheads even care ? No, as it’s all fantasy to bring out emotions and the images you see. The thing is this; we don’t need to explain your fantasy about the song. As they’re yours to build.
I come from a very musically oriented family with classical music backgrounds. In my early age I’ve been tutored in violin, flute, classical guitar then later changed into more modern tutoring. Like the electric guitar with distortion and of course the fact that my father was a classical singer would definitely help in “home tutoring” sort of speak.
Skullbanger: Let’s talk a bit about your new album ‘Descent To The Underworld’. In terms of theme, it seems you draw from mythology, history and sci-fi a bit. Can you tell us about what gave you ideas for the songs on the album?
OK, so let’s see: “Black Friar” is about the Lord of the Underworld the RAVEN LORD that is. He can travel back and forth from the world of the living and the dying world. Bringing messages to and from loved ones. These are mythological ideas and totally fascinating to me. ”Promised land” is about a near death experience while the “Sun God” is about the hidden tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs and their treasure that we haven’t found yet. Then we praise the glory of heavy metal but even more so the fans that stand there to the thousands and sing with us our metal songs. These I call the “Metal Knights” as they don’t care about wind and weather as long as they can see the metal gods playing. “World out of steel” is about the city of WACKEN in Germany where every thing is made out of metal. It’s your anthem and should be a lot of fun when we get to play it live. Input comes from all sorts of experience mainly from day to day experience but also a lot of themes that interest me.
Skullbanger: What can you tell us about Raven Lord’s immediate tour plans? I notice you have a few dates scheduled. Are there more shows to come? Possibly Kuopio, Finland? HINT HINT…
How would “Tuska Festival 2013” sound to you? And how far is it from Kuopio ? We’ll have to talk to those promoters then I guess hahaha. Perhaps if there is enough interest we might meet you there. For sure we’re going to be playing all the festivals that we get in Europe. It starts out with R-MINE METALFEST 2013 on June 22nd 2013. We play the main stage Saturday night then we shall continue with summer shows in the Netherlands and expanding to other European countries. It’s going to be a blast to perform this stuff! OK here is the hint Italy, UK, SPAIN. We’re working hard for the Scandinavian Countries. Believe me that. A soon as you guys buy the record then there is interest. And if there is interest the promoters will book us. It’s that simple! So go grab your copy of the CD today !
Skullbanger: Let’s talk about the current metal scene today. I come from Tennessee where, well, metal isn’t that strong, even though it is better known there now than what it was in the 90’s, when people would hear me play Iron Maiden and ask if they were the guys who played Cum On Feel The Noize?! I come over here to Europe and it’s refreshing to see that it still has a very strong presence here and is just as viable as other forms of music. I know I tried to get people together to play metal in Tennessee when I played guitar…it wasn’t so easy and actually received a phone call or two making fun of me. As musicians do you find it easier to locate, form bands like Raven Lord and play with like-minded people who like metal music here in Europe (Even though you have members from America in the group)? And why do you think the metal scene stayed as strong in Europe as it has?
That is a very good question. Yes, for some reason it’s easier to find likeminded musicians based from Europe. That doesn’t mean they all have to be European. The nice thing about it is the festivals during the Summer. If you are lucky you get to play for a few thousand or even with a few festivals 100 thousand people during one season. That helps tremendously promote the band that you’re in. The tricky part is you need a release first and it better be a good one too. I’ve played in Hollywood all the clubs, was in a lot of magazines etc. but when I think about it now it’s all local based. It never had the impact on what we did when we toured with KILLING MACHINE in 2010. So it is a big difference EUROPE vs. US at least festival wise. But make no mistake the metal scene in the U.S. is huge. It just seems so tiny because the country is so large. By the way a lot of metal stars live in Tennessee now days. For some reason it has become the new “Metal State”.
Skullbanger: I noticed you have just recently had to change drummers. Can you tell us about what brought about the change? Certain bands here of late have been having drummer drama. Are you trying to emulate a certain thrash band we have heard about lately? Is a band member looking for a 90% of the profit? Haha!
That’s a good one hahaha. I know you’re applying to JON DETTE now being with SLAYER. We played with JON DETTE with KILLING MACHINE in 2010. That was kind of his come back year from all the years in hiatus. We had a good time! I believe good drummers are high in demand these days so they tend to take on more bands that they can handle timewise. In our case LARRY PATERSON left because he writes a book and does a big documentary called “Scars”. A Second World War investigation that he is very passionate about. We had dates clashing left and right then trying to find a substitute drummer. So then we decide this is to complicated and would need a permanent solution. RICH SMITH has the time as the band he is in right now calls it the quits in MAY 2013. So I wanted to have him before somebody else grabs him away. The band needs to perform the what I call “summer shows”. And we have to do what we have to do to get the heavy RAVEN LORD train going. At this point it’s not easy to stop this heavy machinery. As far as the percentage goes hahahahaha. Everybody gets the equal share!
Skullbanger: Ok I’m going to list 3 things and tell me which you prefer or first thing that comes to mind.
- Stormwitch’s Ravenlord or Hammerfall’s Ravenlord cover? I have honestly no idea about both of them. I would have to look it up. Management came up with the band name. So you tell me ?
2. Band you would most like to Tour with? Dead or living ? Black Sabbath with Dio, Judas Priest 3. Since I’m from Tennessee I have to ask. If you covered an Elvis song, which would it be? “Hound dog” hahahaha
Skullbanger: Well Csaba I think we can wrap it up and thank you again for taking the time to answer my questions, but before we go is there anything you would like to say to the Raven Lord fans out there and what we can expect in the near future from Raven Lord?
I would like to thank Skullbanger for the interest in RAVEN LORD. Thank to our Finish RAVEN LORD fans, readers and supporters. Go get the record in your store so we get to play in a venue near you. I hope to see, meet and greet you all out there very soon. Thanks \m/
Hey there guys. Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions for Skullbanger Media. I guess the first place to start is can you tell us a little yourselves and your band Midnite Hellion?
MIDNITE HELLION: Hey TJ! Thanks for having us. We’re a Heavy Metal band from Trenton, NJ. Having formed in April 2011, we have two releases out currently, the most recent being our “Enter The Unknown” EP. You have all three of us here today, lead guitarist Dan Sclavi, bassist Bill Dripps, and drummer Drew Rizzo.
I recently reviewed you EP ‘Into The Unknown’ and immediately noticed a New Wave of British Heavy Metal sound. I’m assuming this was a conscious effort. What is it about this sound/era that influences you to make music along this same style?
DR: When the band started, we didn’t set out to say that we’re going to be a NWOBHM style or first wave of Heavy Metal; we just knew we wanted to play Heavy Metal and we wrote from the heart. Collective influences definitely are strongly rooted in the NWOBHM movement, but also the 80’s Thrash and Speed Metal movements as well as the sounds of 60’s and 70’s Heavy Metal, Death Metal, and Doom Metal. Basically, we set out to write music that we would like to listen to, and voila! I do have to say that I was listening to a lot of Rainbow and DIO when the band first started, which I do believe influenced some of my early writing contributions.
BD: The ubiquitous raw sound and power of NWOBHM bands is what initially drew me to that era of metal, and the variety of styles therein kept me listening. All of those genres that influence us either emerged or came to their prototypical state within the heyday of NWOBHM. We didn’t make a conscious effort to write a NWOBHM EP so much as we wrote in the style of our collective influence, which mostly seeded from that time in the history of metal.
DS: The rawness of the sound of those bands such as Saxon; simple riffs yet they’re not boring, very heavy. Then you also have bands like Maiden, Diamond Head, and Satan with speed, and also a little melody on top which I enjoy as well.
Going back to the NWOBHM sound…I am starting to notice a trend with several bands going with this sound such as Holy Grail, White Wizzard, Skullfist, and some others. In your opinion do you think it’s a desire to go back to a more raw sound when the metal of the early 80’s had that “special” feel to it that made a fan feel they could have a bond and connect with the band easier?
DS: I think it is a desire to go back to that earlier metal sound. Personally, the majority of the bands and albums I listen to came out in the 80’s. I think a big factor to is production. And the 80’s releases had an organic sound. Nowadays, too many bands have over produced recordings, with muddy guitar tone and drums that sound like a drum machine. I like a human feel to the production.
BD: The reason any band emerges in any scene is that people like what they hear and become fans. The mentality is not so much “X band is playing X music so we have to worship them”, in fact, it’s the other way around. People like to hear certain music, and then the bands that play it. The “connection” or “bond” between band and fans is that they all like the same kind of music.
DR: I do believe that it’s a desire to go back to an earlier sound as well. Extreme Metal is already starting to break the boundaries and there is nowhere left to go to. The music would become impossible to replicate if it were to get any faster and would eventually just turn into white noise. Having said that, I think people are starting to look back into the earlier forms of Metal and are finding a stronger appreciation for it again. The 80’s Metal most definitely has a very special feel to it, and like Dan said, I believe it’s because it was organic as well as the recording process. The bands tended to record live together for drums, rhythm guitars, and bass to capture the energy of the band when recording the drums, and then overdub the rhythm guitar and bass tracks if needed be. Also, the analog recording equipment largely added to the warmth of the records.
So other than the old school metal sound that influences you what else do you draw inspiration from when writing songs?
DS: I’d say blues or classic rock. A lot of our songs are about the supernatural which is an interesting subject.
DR: I listen to many genres of music, which does play an influence on my writing and approach. I’ve recently been listening to a lot of 50’s Rock and Pop again, which I’ve always enjoyed but haven’t been focusing on a lot in recent times. Also, Jazz, Blues, Classic Rock, old Punk, old Hardcore, first wave of Ska, Swing, and the very first wave of Rap find their way into my ears on a fairly regular basis. I believe that it all helps to draw musical influence one way or another, as well as life experiences in general.
I’m currently living in Finland where the Heavy Metal scene is strong. I came from Tennessee where, well metal was not so strong, how is the metal scene doing in New Jersey? I noticed that in America the scene is stronger in the northern cities more. Do you have a lot of up and coming bands in the area that are worth looking into?
DS: Yeah there are plenty of bands worth checking out. We live an hour away from New York City where there are a lot of bands.
BD: There are myriad bands playing in this area, like Condition Critical and Asphyxiating, but what seems to be lacking in the area are good metal venues. Champs in Trenton seems to be the best venue for underground metal in our immediate area, but places outside of there are few and far between. We also tend to play in NYC a good amount besides the NJ gigs.
DR: NYC has a ton of killer bands that seem to be emerging on a daily basis. One of note is Bröhammer, whose singer has helped us out in the past. There’s also a program called Metal Thunder Radio, who did something really cool back in January where they broadcasted a complete live show on their radio show so fans from all over the world could listen in as the action was happening, and we were honored to have been a part of it. Lately, Jersey has had a vast amount of new noteworthy bands as well as older bands reforming such as Attacker. I do agree with you that the Northern states do seem to have more action in terms of Metal, with the Ragnarökkr Fest in Chicago and the Warriors of Metal Open Air in OH bringing in bands from all over the world. We’re also very fortunate as to where we live because most tours stop within an hour of us so concerts are definitely plentiful, as well as opportunities for performing with the touring acts. Unfortunately, there are only a select few active Jersey venues left for original music, but majority of them are quite excellent.
You have your EP Into The Unknown available now. Can you tell us your plans for a full length album? I know you just recently lost your lead singer and guitarist due to commitment issues, can you elaborate on that any?
DS: We are currently writing new material for the full length. Our former lead guitarist, Mario, who played every gig so far with us, had to leave due to returning to college, and our former singer, Scott, had to leave due to work responsibilities.
DR: Also our latest guitarist, Matt, left after a few short weeks due to having too much on his plate. He was active in two other bands before joining, which both reformed shortly after he joined MIDNITE HELLION.
We all know New Jersey’s greatest claim to fame is the Aqua Teen Hunger Force. Who is your favorite character? Any other answer but Carl is WRONG.
DR: Carl, but if that program is truly Jersey’s great claim to fame, I think we’re going to have to do something about that, haha!
Ok. I’m going to list three things. Tell me the first thing that comes to mind or which you prefer. 1. 2 Minutes to Midnight or Hellion? 2. Captain Kirk or Captian Picard 3. Snooki
DS: Hellion, picard, no comment.
BD: 2 Minutes to Midnight, Picard, ?
DR: Hellion, Captain Kangaroo, and the fact that Hoboken denied Snooki and Jwow for their spinoff program forcing them to relocate to Jersey Shitty gives me a new respect for the town.
Well that just about wraps it up. Is there anything you want to say before we go? What we can expect in the near future from Midnite Hellion?
MH: Thank you for having us, TJ! It’s been a true pleasure doing this with you, and thank you again for reviewing our EP. A full-length release is slated for later in the year, with touring to support it hopefully all over the US and Europe. We’ll be supporting DIAMOND HEAD in April and the OZ/OCTOBER 31 “Turn The States Upside Down” tour in May, so if anybody is in the area, come out to some killer shows! All current information can be found at http://www.midnitehellion.com and http://www.facebook.com/midnitehellion, and you can check out the live action at http://www.youtube.com/midnitehellion and http://www.youtube.com/strunza. Cheers, and keep the flame of Metal burning strong!
No problem guys and thanks again for taking the time to answer even the silly questions! I hope you continue to tear up New Jersey!
I recently had the pleasure of speaking with Heavy metal clothing Designer Fanny Janssen, owner and operator of Obscura Morgana based in the Netherlands. I recently saw several of Fanny’s designs online and was really impressed with her work and style and asked her if she would be kind enough to answer some questions. What follows is a very informative and candid interview that I think we both had fun with.
If you like your metal clothing with an attitude go over to Fanny’s Facebook page and check out her stuff here. It’s very cool and very affordable…now for the interview!
Skullbanger: First off, I want to say thanks for taking the time to let me ask you some questions about your Heavy Metal clothing line. I guess the first place to start is, can you tell us a little about yourself, where you are located in the world and the origins of Obscura Morgana?
Fanny: My pleasure! Thank you so much for your interest in what I do, it really gives my an energy boost to continue with this! I’m based in Sittard, a small village in the south of the Netherlands. I started Obscura Morgana only one year ago. I already had a webshop before this, but it didn’t contain any metal related items yet. I guess I was trying to find my own personal style and I actually sold anything handmade. I’ve always been busy with making things myself, simply because what I wanted wasn’t available in stores anywhere. And because the band merchandise you find in stores are mainly t-shirts, I started to sew clothing myself!
Skullbanger: I have to say am a big fan of the look of your clothing. It seems to have a retro look but yet also a modern feel to them as well. To me, they seem like clothing you would see in movies like Escape from New York, Mad Max or any dystopic future setting. Did you draw from any certain influence for you designs or is it more of just a subconscious thing when you make your clothing?
Fanny: That’s a good question! I guess the biggest key to inspiration is keeping your eyes open for anything. For example, when I’m in the train on my way to college, I always pass a rusty tower of an industrial terrain, and it inspires my ultimately. So I came up with an idea of using rusty iron for a new jacket. This is just one of the like 100 examples I have. It’s the random things you see anywhere, that inspire me for items. Things other people pass by without even noticing it. Beside that, there are certain things that have always inspired me. The culture of the Indians, motorcycles, darkness, Finland, wolves, the Victorian Age, romance, folklore, occultism and clothing big rockstars like Steven Tyler wears. Now if you mix that with a little heavy metal.. you have Obscura Morgana.
Skullbanger: Obviously metal is the main subject of many of your designs, so I am assuming you are fan of course. What are some of your favorite bands? And what band would you like to have an opportunity to design a piece for?
Fanny: Yes certainly, I’m metal to the bone! Let’s start with Nightwish, my all time favourite. This is just pure magic. Then I’m also a big fan of Dimmu Borgir, Iced Earth, Rammstein, Ensiferum, Siebenburgen, Nightmare, Death, Accept and Manowar! These are highest on my list! Nightwish is a band I’d absolutely love to design something for. And as a matter of fact, I’m currently working on incredibly beautiful items with the Nightwish logo, and I was planning on approaching their record label when these are finished. I’m really hoping that the band gets to see my designs that way, and perhaps, very perhaps, I’m allowed to design for their official webshop or sell my items there. It’s kind of a big dream, but I believe anything is possible if you just go for it!
Skullbanger: This question kind of follows the previous question but when it comes to designing you clothing for specific bands is it difficult in obtaining the rights to do so? And what has been the reaction from the bands towards your designs so far?
Fanny: It’s very difficult to obtain these rights. Very difficult. Expecially if you’re not a big company yet. So I’m trying almost anything possible to approach the bands, and sometimes it works! For example the official Ensiferum facebook page once gave a ‘like’ on my wristband, without me even approaching them. But if I haven’t managed to approach a band, I only sell one single item, or I wait until I’ve received their permission. Some bands don’t think it’s a big deal, since most items are unique and I only make one of them.
Skullbanger: I notice many of your designs are for females. Do you plan for designing for men? Would you ever design any metal clothing for metal kids out there? Headbanger Babies? Ha-ha.
Fanny: Hahaha, it’s funny you say that, because I actually have been thinking about metal clothing for babies. I’ve said to my boyfriend a couple times ”If we ever get a baby, it’s going to wear little Death shirts” So I have to say it’s a pretty cool idea! I bet many metal couples with a baby would love this! And when it comes to designing for men, I’ve already started that last week with an Amon Amarth vest! I got so many positive comment on this one from men, that I think it would sell pretty well!
Skullbanger: Aside from a dream band you would like to design for, do you have a dream project you would like to do involving your clothing?
Fanny: Any photosession I’d be asked for sounds like a dream project to me! I really go crazy about all small positive things that happen to me when it comes to Obscura Morgana. Like this interview! I’d love to be featured in metal magazines or websites. Now that would be really a dream project! But let’s not think about that right now, that’s more something for the future. First I’m going to spend some more months behind the sewing machine!
Skullbanger: Where do you hope to take Obscura Morgana in the near future?
Fanny: How I see myself after a couple years.. Then I’ll have my own shop based in my area or in Helsinki in Finland. A web shop that sells out very quickly. A big label every metalhead has at least heard of and I’ll be designing stage outfits for metal bands.
Skullbanger: Now, because I’m a little crazy, I’m going to list 3 things. Say the first thing that comes to you mind. 1. Calvin Klein 2. Justin Bieber 3.Hot dogs
Fanny: Hahaha, absolutely love this question!
Calvin Klein: Ruud, the owner of the Babashop. It’s a big metalshop based in my area. A guy who has been living for metal his whole life and who stands on every big metalfestival in Europe with his stand. I really have a close connection to him, and I’ll never forget the way he talks about commercial brands. His opinion on those is really fucking hilarious. He absolutely hates it. ”THEY MIGHT EARN MORE MONEY THAN ME, BUT THEY ARE ALL GAY”
Justin Bieber: A game you can play online on a dutch website. His head appears on your screen and you can cut his fucking ugly haircut. That’s actually about it, haha.
Hot dogs: America! Now I see a hotdog stand in a crowded city in the middle of the summer in the US. And actually I see myself standing on the first row. Cause wherever there’s food, there’s me!
Skullbanger: Well that just about wraps it up and thanks again for taking the time to answer the questions. Before we go, is there anything else you wish to add or say to people out there in internet land?
Fanny: I’d love to say thank you to everyone who has showed interest in what I do! I never expected to be where I am now in one single year. 2 interviews done already, items that sell out within one hour after posting them. It’s really amazing. Thank you very much for this interview!
Skullbanger: You’re Welcome and Thank you!